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Phytochemistry. 1992 Nov;31(11):3711-3.

Inhibition of wheat embryo calcium-dependent protein kinase and other kinases by mangostin and gamma-mangostin.

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Department of Chemistry, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Victoria, Australia.


The hull of the fruit of the mangosteen tree (Garcinia mangostana) contains four inhibitors of plant Ca(2+)-dependent protein kinase. Two of these inhibitors have been purified and identified as the xanthones 1,3,6-trihydroxy-7-methoxy-2,8-bis(3-methyl-2-butenyl)-9H- xanthen-9-one (mangostin) and 1,3,6,7-tetrahydroxy-2,8-bis(3-methyl-2-butenyl)- 9H-xanthen-9-one (gamma-mangostin). Both xanthones also inhibit avian myosin light chain kinase and rat liver cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase. This is the first report of inhibition of plant and animal second messenger-regulated protein kinases by plant-derived xanthones.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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