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Agric Biol Chem. 1990 Jan;54(1):97-106.

Purification and characterization of a novel fungal endo-beta-N-acetylglucosaminidase acting on complex oligosaccharides of glycoproteins.

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Department of Food Science and Technology, Kyoto University, Japan.


A novel endo-beta-N-acetylglucosaminidase acting on complex type sugar chains of glycoproteins was found in the culture broth of a fungus isolated from soil and identified as Mucor hiemalis f. hiemalis on the basis of various characteristics. The endo-beta-N-acetylglucosaminidase, named Endo-M, was purified to almost homogeneity by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis involving ammonium sulfate fractionation, and column chromatographies on DEAE-Sepharose CL-6B, Sephadex G-200, hydroxylapatite, TSK-gel HW-65F and Con A-Sepharose 4B. The molecular weight of the enzyme was estimated to be about 95,000 by gel chromatography. The optimum pH was found to be 6.0-6.5 and the enzyme was stable in the pH range of 7 to 8. The enzyme showed high activity on dansyl ovalbumin glycopeptide, and also could act on dansyl transferrin glycopeptide, and dansyl asialotransferrin glycopeptide containing biantennary complex type sugar chains. The Km value for dansyl asialotransferrin glycopeptide as the substrate was 2.0 x 10(-3) M. The enzyme released complex type sugar chains from intact asialotransferrin without the addition of any detergent and the liberated sugar chains were identified by chromatography on a Bio-Gel P-4 column, calibrated with markers of known structure, and 1H-NMR analysis.

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