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Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 1992 Jan;36(4):503-6.

In vitro mutagenesis of a xylanase from the extreme thermophile Caldocellum saccharolyticum.

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  • 1Department of Cellular and Molecular Biology, University of Auckland, New Zealand.


Six mutant xylanases were obtained by in vitro mutagenesis of a xylanase gene from the extremely thermophilic bacterium Caldocellum saccharolyticum. The temperature stability of all enzymes was affected by mutation to various degrees and one of the xylanases had an altered temperature optimum. The mutations had no effect on the pH optimum. The C. saccharolyticum xylanase showed strong homology to several thermophilic and mesophilic xylanases, and comparison of primary sequences allowed the localization of probable active sites and residues involved in thermostability.

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