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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2003 Oct 3;309(4):992-8.

Porcine CD58: cDNA cloning and molecular dissection of the porcine CD58-human CD2 interface.

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EA 3249 Cellules Hématopoïétiques, Hémostase et Greffe, Université François Rabelais, Tours, France.


The porcine ligands of human CD2 remain unknown in xenotransplantation despite being an important pathway of T cell costimulation. Of the two main candidates, i.e., CD48 and CD58, the cDNA of the most likely ligand poCD58 was cloned from CD48-negative endothelial cells costimulating human CD4(+) T cells through the CD2 pathway. The deduced protein sequence is 244 residues long and is 43% homologous to the human sequence. Based on similarity between porcine and human CD58 external V-set Ig-type domains, a structural model of poCD58-huCD2 interaction was built. Most of the charged residues located at the interface with huCD2 are highly conserved. Six putative hydrogen bonds between poCD58 and huCD2 were identified; five involve the same residues as in the syngeneic combination while the sixth is formed between an additional tyrosine in poCD58 and Arg48 in huCD2, increasing the complementarity between the two molecules. These structural data will help us to develop poCD58 blocking agents for xenotransplantation.

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