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Neurobiol Dis. 2003 Oct;14(1):133-45.

Lipopolysaccharide-induced-neuroinflammation increases intracellular accumulation of amyloid precursor protein and amyloid beta peptide in APPswe transgenic mice.

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Department of Pathology (Division of Neuropathology), The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA.


The present study was designed to examine whether brain inflammation caused by systemic administration of lipopolysaccharides (LPS) alters the expression/processing of amyloid precursor protein (APP) and increases the generation of amyloid beta peptide (Abeta). APPswe transgenic (Tg) mice were treated with either LPS or phosphate-buffered saline (PBS). In LPS-treated APPswe mice, Abeta1-40/42 was 3-fold and APP was 1.8-fold higher than those in PBS-treated mice (P < 0.05) by ELISA, Western blots and immunoprecipitation-mass spectrometry (IP-MS) ProteinChip analysis. Numbers of Abeta- and APP-immunoreactive neurons (Abeta(+) and APP(+) neurons) increased significantly in LPS-treated APPswe mice; APP(+) and Abeta(+) neurons in neocortex were associated with an increased number of F4/80-immunoreactive microglia (F4/80(+) microglia) in their anatomical environment. Our findings demonstrate that experimental neuroinflammation increases APP expression/processing and causes intracellular accumulation of Abeta. It remains to be seen whether such events can cause neuronal dysfunction/degeneration and, with time, lead to extracellular Abeta deposits, as they occur in Alzheimer's disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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