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Curr Biol. 2003 Sep 16;13(18):1583-95.

Elg1 forms an alternative PCNA-interacting RFC complex required to maintain genome stability.

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Samuel Lunenfeld Research Institute, Mount Sinai Hospital, 600 University Avenue, Toronto, Ontario M5G 1X5, Canada.



Genome instability is a hallmark of cancer and plays a critical role in generating the myriad of phenotypes selected for during tumor progression. However, the mechanisms that prevent genome rearrangements remain poorly understood.


To elucidate the mechanisms that ensure genome stability, we screened a collection of candidate genes for suppressors of gross chromosomal rearrangements (GCRs) in budding yeast. One potent suppressor gene encodes Elg1, a conserved but uncharacterized homolog of the large RFC subunit Rfc1 and the alternative RFC subunits Ctf18/Chl12 and Rad24. Our results are consistent with the hypothesis that Elg1 forms a novel and distinct RFC-like complex in both yeast and human cells. We find that Elg1 is required for efficient S phase progression and telomere homeostasis in yeast. Elg1 interacts physically with the PCNA homolog Pol30 and the FEN-1 homolog Rad27. The physical and genetic interactions suggest a role for Elg1 in Okazaki fragment maturation. Furthermore, Elg1 acts in concert with the alternative Rfc1-like proteins Rad24 and Ctf18 to enable Rad53 checkpoint kinase activation in response to replication stress.


Collectively, these results reveal that Elg1 forms a novel and conserved alternative RFC complex. Furthermore, we propose that genome instability arises at high frequency in elg1 mutants due to a defect in Okazaki fragment maturation.

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