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J Clin Laser Med Surg. 2003 Aug;21(4):203-8.

Near-infrared Raman spectroscopy of human coronary arteries: histopathological classification based on Mahalanobis distance.

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1
Institute of Research and Development, University of Vale do Paraíba-UNIVAP, São José dos Campos, SP, Brazil.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

In this study, near-infrared Raman spectroscopy (NIRS) was used for evaluation of human atherosclerotic lesions using a simple algorithm based on discriminant analysis. The Mahalanobis distance was used to classify the clustered spectral features extracted from NIRS of a total of 111 arterial fragments of human coronary arteries.

BACKGROUND DATA:

Raman spectroscopy has been used for diagnosis of a variety of diseases. For real-time applications, it is important to have a simple algorithm that could perform fast data acquisition and analysis. The ultimate goal is to obtain a feasible diagnosis, which discriminates various atherosclerotic lesions with high sensitivities and specificities.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Non-atherosclerotic (NA) arteries, atherosclerotic plaques without calcification (NC), and atherosclerotic plaques with classification (C) were obtained and scanned with an NIR Raman spectrometer with 830-nm laser excitation. An algorithm based on the discriminant analysis using the Mahalanobis distance of the clustered spectral features was used for tissue classification into three categories: Na, NC, and C.

RESULTS:

Human coronary arteries exhibit different spectral signatures depending on different bio-chemicals present in each tissue type such as collagen, cholesterol, and calcium hydroxyapatite, respectively. It is shown that our algorithm has a maximum sensitivity and specificity of 85% and 89%, respectively, for the diagnosis of the NA tissue type, 85% and 89% for the NC tissue type, and 100% and 100% for the C tissue type.

CONCLUSION:

An algorithm (with a minimum of mathematical and computational requirements) based on the discriminant analysis of spectral features has been developed to classify atherosclerotic lesions with high sensitivities and specificities.

PMID:
13678457
DOI:
10.1089/104454703768247774
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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