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J Med Chem. 2003 Sep 25;46(20):4322-32.

SAR analysis of adenosine diphosphate (hydroxymethyl)pyrrolidinediol inhibition of poly(ADP-ribose) glycohydrolase.

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Division of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40536, USA.


Polyadenosine diphosphoribose glycohydrolase (PARG) catalyzes the intracellular hydrolysis of adenosine diphosphoribose polymers. Because structure-activity data are lacking for PARG, the specific inhibitor adenosine diphosphate (hydroxymethyl)pyrrolidinediol (ADP-HPD) was utilized to determine the effects of structure on inhibitor potency using PARG isolated from bovine thymus (bPARG) and recombinant bovine PARG catalytic fragment (rPARG-CF). Both enzymes were strongly inhibited by submicromolar levels of ADP-HPD, but ADP and the phosphorylated pyrrolidine displayed no activity. Utilizing ADP-HPD analogues containing 2-, N(6), or 8-adenosyl substituents or guanine instead of adenine, the importance of adenine ring recognition as well as a correlation between loss of PARG inhibition and the length and bulkiness of 8-adenosyl substituents was shown. Utilization of ADP-HPD analogues lacking one or both pyrrolidine cis-hydroxyls demonstrated their importance for inhibitor binding. Last, the similarity between naturally occurring bPARG and heterologously expressed rPARG-CF was demonstrated. Therefore, readily available rPARG-CF is suitable for use in future studies to determine the structural aspects of PARG.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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