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Phytomedicine. 2003;10(6-7):563-8.

Nantenine alkaloid presents anticonvulsant effect on two classical animal models.

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Departamento de Farmacologia, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Rua Botucatu 862, Edifício José Leal Prado, São Paulo, Brazil.


The present study investigated the anticonvulsant and convulsant profiles of nantenine, an aporphine alkaloid found in several vegetal species. At lower doses (20-50 mg/kg, i.p.) the alkaloid proved to be effective in inhibiting pentylenotetrazol- (PTZ 100 mg/kg, s.c.) and maximal electroshock-induced seizures (80 mA, 50 pulses/s, 0.2 s), suggesting its potential as an anticonvulsant drug. However, at higher doses (> or = 75 mg/kg, i.p.) a convulsant activity was observed. Comparing the present in vivo nantenine effects on seizures with previous in vitro biphasic action on Na+, K+-ATPase activity, the convulsant effect appears to be related to inhibition of these phosphatase at high doses whereas anticonvulsant effect, observed at low doses, seems attributable to its stimulation and the resultant decrease of Ca2+-influx into the cell.

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