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Phytochemistry. 1991;30(10):3203-7.

Xyloglucan oligosaccharide alpha-L-fucosidase activity from growing pea stems and germinating nasturtium seeds.

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Department of Biology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.


[14C]Fucose-labelled xyloglucan (XG) was synthesized from tamarind seed XG by incubating it with GDP-[14C]fucose plus solubilized pea fucosyltransferase, and [14C]fucose-labelled XG nonasaccharide was prepared from the parent hemicellulose by partial hydrolysis with fungal cellulase. alpha-L-Fucosidase activity was readily detected in crude enzyme extracts of growing regions of etiolated pea stems (Pisum sativum) and in cotyledons of germinating nasturtium seedlings (Tropaeolum majus) using the fucosylated XG-nonasaccharide as substrate. Both enzymes showed little activity against intact fucosylated XG and they were totally inactive against p-nitrophenyl-alpha-L-fucoside. Auxin treatment of pea stems, which greatly increased the activity of endo-1,4-beta-glucanases that hydrolyse XG in apical growing regions, failed to result in a similar increase in XG-nonasaccharide alpha-fucosidase activity. However, germination of nasturtium seed, which resulted in a large increase in endo-1,4-beta-glucanase (XG-ase) activity in the cotyledons, was accompanied by comparable increases in XG-alpha-fucosidase activity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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