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Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 1990 Jan;32(4):479-84.

Degradation of phenanthrene, fluorene and fluoranthene by pure bacterial cultures.

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Bergbau-Forschung GmbH, Abteilung Entsorgungstechnik, Essen, Federal Republic of Germany.


Bacterial mixed cultures able to degrade the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) phenanthrene, fluorene and fluoranthene, were obtained from soil using conventional enrichment techniques. From these mixed cultures three pure strains were isolated: Pseudomonas paucimobilis degrading phenanthrene; P. vesicularis degrading fluorene and Alcaligenes denitrificans degrading fluoranthene. The maximum rates of PAH degradation ranged from 1.0 mg phenanthrene/ml per day to 0.3 mg fluoranthene/ml per day at doubling times of 12 h to 35 h for growth on PAH as sole carbon source. The protein yield during PAH degradation was about 0.25 mg/mg C for all strains. Maximum PAH oxidation rates and optimum specific bacterial growth were obtained near pH 7.0 and 30 degrees C. After growth entered the stationary phase, no dead end-products of PAH degradation could be detected in the culture fluid.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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