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J Biochem. 1992 Dec;112(6):845-8.

Physiological roles of acetoacetyl-CoA thiolase in n-alkane-utilizable yeast, Candida tropicalis: possible contribution to alkane degradation and sterol biosynthesis.

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Department of Industrial Chemistry, Faculty of Engineering, Kyoto University.


The presence of two types of thiolases, acetoacetyl-CoA thiolase and 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase, was demonstrated in peroxisomes of n-alkane-grown Candida tropicalis [Kurihara, T., Ueda, M., & Tanaka, A. (1989) J. Biochem. 106, 474-478], while acetoacetyl-CoA thiolase was also shown to be present in cytosol. The activity of the enzyme in cytosol was constant irrespective of culture conditions, while the peroxisomal enzyme was inducibly synthesized in the alkane-grown yeast cells. These results indicate that peroxisomal acetoacetyl-CoA thiolase participates in alkane degradation, while the cytosolic enzyme is associated with other fundamental metabolic processes, probably sterol biosynthesis, because this enzyme can catalyze the first step of the sterol biosynthesis. 3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl (HMG)-CoA reductase, a key regulatory enzyme of sterol biosynthesis, was found to be localized exclusively in microsomes of the alkane-grown yeast cells. These results suggest that yeast peroxisomes do not contribute to sterol biosynthesis, unlike the case of mammalian cells.

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