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J Hosp Infect. 1992 Nov;22(3):197-205.

Multiresistant Klebsiella pneumoniae in a neonatal nursery: the importance of maintenance of infection control policies and procedures in the prevention of outbreaks.

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Department of Microbiology and Paediatrics, R.K. Khan Hospital, Durban, South Africa.


During a 3-week period, nine babies in the neonatal unit of a large teaching hospital in Durban were infected or colonized with Klebsiella pneumoniae resistant to a range of antimicrobial agents including amikacin and cefotaxime. Resistance to cefotaxime was reduced by clavulanic acid in vitro suggesting production of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase activity. All the isolates had the same antibiotic resistance profile, belonged to the same serotype (K17), were non-typable with bacteriophages, and had identical plasmid profiles indicating that they belonged to the same strain. During a 1-day microbiological survey of the ward, the outbreak strain was isolated from the nose and hands of a doctor based in the nursery and from the hands of a nurse and the mother of an infected baby. The strain was also isolated from nine of 67 environmental samples. Investigation revealed that infection control practices which had been instituted following a previous outbreak in the nursery with multi-resistant methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) were not being adhered to. The re-introduction and strict enforcement of these procedures under the supervision of an Infection Control Nurse resulted in the abrupt end of the outbreak.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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