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Neuropsychobiology. 1992;26(1-2):4-11.

Effects of an oral glucose load on plasma neurotransmitters in humans: involvement of REM sleep?

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Department of Physiopathology, Central University of Venezuela School of Medicine, Caracas.


Plasma noradrenaline (NA), adrenaline (Ad), dopamine (DA), platelet serotonin (p5HT), free serotonin (f5HT), glucose, heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP) were measured before and after an oral load of glucose (OGTT) in 100 normal humans. One sham-feeding test was performed in every subject 2-3 weeks before OGTT. Aside from glucose rise, significant increases in NA, p5HT and the NA/Ad ratio were registered. No significant changes were observed in Ad, DA, f5HT, HR and BP mean +/- SE values. Significant reductions in the NA/p5HT, Ad/p5HT and DA/p5HT ratios' mean values were registered at 90 and 180 min. Several significant correlations were found amongst plasma neurotransmitters. Very high positive correlations were obtained when NA, Ad and DA were plotted against the ratio of each one of them over p5HT; however, they (r = 0.99) decreased significantly at 90 and 180 min. Upon evaluation of these results we infer that quiescence of adrenal glands occurs during OGTT. Under such circumstances, plasma neurotransmitters are left under the control of a central bipolar system: noradrenergic-parasympathetic. All numerical data strongly suggest that the noradrenergic system predominates at 60, 120 and 210 min, whereas parasympathetic predominance occurs at 90 and 180 min. The fact that the latter is interfered by atropine reinforces this hypothesis. Analyses of correlations also suggest that DA and p5HT probably act as a buffer and modulate the excessive increase in NA plasma levels registered during OGTT.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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