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J Hypertens. 1992 Oct;10(10):1155-7.

Identification of a candidate gene responsible for the high blood pressure of spontaneously hypertensive rats.

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Department of Biochemistry, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee.



We have recently isolated a gene, designated as the SA gene, which is more than 10 times more abundantly expressed in the kidneys of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) than in those of Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. To address the issue whether the SA gene is one of the genes responsible for the hypertension of SHR, a genetic cosegregation analysis of the blood pressure values with the genotypes in an F2 rat population was undertaken in this study.


Male F2 rats were bred from SHR and WKY rats. The genotypes of the SA gene of the F2 rats were determined by utilizing the StuI restriction fragment length polymorphism of the SA gene between SHR and WKY rats. The blood pressure values were determined by the tail-cuff method. The effect of the genotype of the SA gene on the blood pressure of the F2 rats was analysed by one-way analysis of variance.


The blood pressure of the F2 rats inheriting two SHR alleles of the SA gene was significantly higher than that of the F2 rats inheriting two WKY alleles. This indicates that the SA gene, or a gene closely linked to it, has a capacity to influence the blood pressure values of the F2 rat population. Further studies to identify functions of the SA gene products will be necessary.

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