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Tissue distribution of neutrophils in postischemic acute renal failure.

Author information

1
Institute of Physiology, University of Innsbruck, Austria.

Abstract

Polymorphonuclear neutrophil granulocytes (PMNs) seem to participate in the pathogenesis of renal ischemic reperfusion injury. The kidneys from male Sprague Dawley rats were immersion-fixed after 45 min of renal artery clamping followed by reperfusion for 0, 5, 20, and 120 min, respectively. The tissue distribution of PMNs in the kidneys was studied histochemically using naphthol AS-D chloroacetate esterase as a specific marker for these cells. Neutrophil counts per unit sectional area were obtained for renal cortex, outer and inner medulla. In the cortex separate intraglomerular and peritubular counts, and in the outer medulla separate outer and inner stripe counts were made. After 120 min of reperfusion the total renal PMN counts were 488 +/- 62 (n = 4) compared with 54 +/- 4 (n = 4) per cm2 in nonischemic controls. Within 120 min of reperfusion PMN counts increased by a factor of 8 in the cortex, of 12 in the outer medulla and of 14 in the inner medulla, compared with controls. The ratio of intraglomerular against peritubular PMN counts was approximately 2 in controls, but 0.5 after a 120-min reperfusion interval. The outer stripe of the outer medulla contained only a small number of PMNs whereas PMN counts of 923 +/- 197 (n = 4) per cm2 were found in the inner stripe after 120 min reperfusion. Interestingly, there was a marked increase in PMNs in the inner stripe during the first 5 min of reperfusion but no extravasation of PMNs was observed.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

PMID:
1359696
DOI:
10.1007/bf02899687
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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