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Vet Microbiol. 1992 Sep;32(2):163-75.

Colonization factor different from K88, K99, F41 and 987P in enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli strains isolated from postweaning diarrhoea in pigs.

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Veterinary Research Institute, Brno, Czechoslovakia.


A novel common colonization factor was detected in enterotoxigenic strains of Escherichia coli isolated from intestinal contents of piglets affected with postweaning diarrhoea. This factor was antigenically distinct from the previously described K88, K99, F41, 987P, CFAI, CFAII and Att25 fimbrial antigens. E. coli strains possessing this factor adhered to the pig intestinal brush borders and one strain, used in experimental infection in weanlings, colonized the intestinal epithelium and induced diarrhoea. Examination of 212 toxigenic strains of E. coli isolated from weanlings revealed the presence of the novel common colonization factor in 83 strains, belonging to serogroups O25, O108, O138, O141, O147 and O157. The antigen K88 was detected in 47 strains belonging to serogroups O8, O141, O147 and O149.

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