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Transplantation. 1992 Nov;54(5):802-8.

The effect of donor T lymphocytes and total-body irradiation on hemopoietic engraftment and pulmonary toxicity following experimental allogeneic bone marrow transplantation.

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1
Department of Radiobiology, University of Groningen, The Netherlands.

Abstract

To study the effects of donor T lymphocytes on engraftment and graft-versus-host disease in relation to recipient total-body irradiation, we have returned small numbers of T cells to T-cell-depleted bone marrow transplanted across a minor histocompatibility barrier in mice (B10.BR-->CBA). T-cell-depleted B10.BR marrow (10(7) cells) was transplanted into CBA recipients prepared with TBI doses ranging from 4 to 14 Gy. Selected animals also received 10(4) (0.1%) and 10(5) (1.0%) measured B10.BR T lymphocytes. The extent of donor marrow engraftment was determined from hemoglobin and carbonic anhydrase phenotyping of peripheral blood at 3 months posttransplant. Toxicity was assessed from breathing-rate measurements, histopathology, and animal survival. Addition of T cells had a profound effect on survival related to radiation dose. The TBI doses resulting in an LD50 at 12 weeks were 6.9 Gy, 9.3 Gy, and 13.0 Gy for animals receiving 10(5), 10(4), and no T cells, respectively. Mortality was associated with pulmonary dysfunction as measured by an elevation of breathing rates. Autopsy and histological analysis revealed extensive damage to the lung parenchyma. In contrast to the toxicity data, addition of T cells to the donor marrow had no effect on the TBI dose required for equivalent erythroid engraftment. These results demonstrate that in combination with TBI small numbers of T cells in the transplanted marrow do not aid engraftment but do significantly increase the risk of pulmonary toxicity.

PMID:
1359684
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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