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Scand J Gastroenterol. 1992 Oct;27(10):863-8.

Disposition of mesalazine from mesalazine-delivering drugs in patients with inflammatory bowel disease, with and without diarrhoea.

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Dept. of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases, University Hospital Nijmegen, The Netherlands.


The disposition of mesalazine from the azo compounds sulphasalazine and olsalazine (Dipentum) and from the slow-release mesalazine drugs Pentasa, Asacol, and Salofalk was studied in 20 patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Ten of them had diarrhoea, and 10 had normal stools. On the last 2 days of a 7-day maintenance treatment with each of the study drugs urine and faeces were collected for determination of mesalazine, acetyl-mesalazine, and unsplit azo compound. In patients with and without diarrhoea the urinary and the faecal excretion of acetyl-mesalazine was lowest during treatment with olsalazine. The proportion of acetyl-mesalazine in faeces was highest during treatment with Pentasa in both groups. The presence of diarrhoea was associated with a decrease in the proportion of acetyl-mesalazine in faeces during treatment with all drugs, not significant only for Pentasa. The proportion of unsplit azo compound in faeces increased in the case of diarrhoea to almost 50%. It is concluded that in patients with inflammatory bowel disease diarrhoea substantially influences the disposition from all these drugs except Pentasa.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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