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Lancet. 1992 Nov 7;340(8828):1127-9.

Adult coronary artery disease probably due to childhood Kawasaki disease.

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Department of Pediatrics, Kurume University School of Medicine, Japan.


We have surveyed adult survivors of childhood Kawasaki disease (KD) who had coronary artery disease that could be ascribed to KD. In response to questionnaires sent to cardiologists throughout Japan, 21 patients (17 men, 4 women, aged 20-63 years) with coronary lesions and a definite (2) or suspected (19) history of KD were reported. 5 patients had presented with acute myocardial infarction, 6 previous myocardial infarction, 9 angina pectoris, and 1 dilated cardiomyopathy. 16 patients had obstructions in two or more coronary arteries. 3 had died and 18 were alive with serious sequelae (mitral regurgitation, arrhythmias, congestive heart failure). Childhood KD should be included in the differential diagnosis of coronary artery disease in young adults.

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