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J Infect Dis. 1992 Dec;166(6):1295-310.

Localized, aggregative, and diffuse adherence to HeLa cells, plastic, and human small intestines by Escherichia coli isolated from patients with diarrhea.

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Department of Bacteriology, School of Medicine, Juntendo University, Tokyo, Japan.


Adherence of diarrhea-associated Escherichia coli was studied by scanning electron microscopy. Enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC) adherence factor-positive (EAF+) E. coli of EPEC serotypes (class I EPEC) adhered to plastic and human jejunal and ileal mucosa, similar to case and HeLa cells. Localized adherence, elongation of cell microvilli, and "locking" of the bacterial aggregates by the elongated microvilli were evident after incubation for 20 min. EAF+ E. coli adhered strikingly to mucus but rarely to M cells in Peyer's patch-associated epithelium. Most enteroaggregative E. coli (EAggEC) strains adhered to plastic, similar to HeLa cells. Some diffuse-adhering E. coli (DAEC) strains displayed no adherence to plastic but formed "dimples" on HeLa cells. Both EAggEC and DAEC adhered at lower levels to human small intestines (except M cells) than did EAF+ E. coli. In all cases of EAF+ E. coli, EAggEC, and DAEC, strains were found with atypical characteristics. The data demonstrate the unique adherence characteristics of EAF+ E. coli, EAggEC, and DAEC.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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