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Genomics. 1992 Sep;14(1):121-5.

Evidence implicating heterozygous deletion of chromosome 7 in the pathogenesis of familial leukemia associated with monosomy 7.

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Clinical Investigation Center, Naval Hospital, Oakland, California 94627.


Complete or partial monosomy 7 is a recurring cytogenetic abnormality in acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) and myeloproliferative syndromes (MPS) and is particularly common in patients with Fanconi's anemia and in secondary AML. A familial form of monosomy 7 has been recognized in which two or more siblings develop MPS or AML before age 20. We tested the hypothesis that a recessive cancer susceptibility locus on chromosome 7 was important in the pathogenesis of leukemia in familial monosomy 7 by determining the parental origins of the chromosome 7 retained in the bone marrows of three pairs of affected siblings. We found no overlapping region where all three pairs retained DNA derived from the same paternal or maternal chromosome. These data suggest that inactivation of a single allele of a putative tumor-suppressor gene may be sufficient to contribute to leukemic transformation in familial monosomy 7.

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