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FEBS Lett. 1992 Nov 23;313(2):185-92.

Structure of tubulin C-terminal domain obtained by subtilisin treatment. The major alpha and beta tubulin isotypes from pig brain are glutamylated.

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Institut Alfred Fessard, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Gif-sur-Yvette, France.


Limited subtilisin digestion of the tubulin alpha, beta heterodimer has been used in this work to reduce the total number of tubulin isotypes from 20 for native to 9 for subtilisin-cleaved tubulin. This indicates that the major part of tubulin heterogeneity is located at the C-terminus of the molecule. The C-terminal peptides of both alpha and beta subunits of tubulin were purified by anion-exchange HPLC. Combined use of Edman degradation chemistry and mass spectrometry on the isolated peptides shows that subtilisin cleavage occurs at position Asp-438 and His-406 of alpha and Gln-433 and His-396 of beta tubulin chains. Quantitative analysis of our data show that cleavage at positions His-406 (alpha) and His-396 (beta) occurs with a low efficiency and indicates that the major isotypes of pig brain tubulin are modified by sequential attachment of 1 to 5 glutamic acid residues at positions Glu-445 or -435 of alpha and beta tubulin, respectively.

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