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Lancet. 1992 Oct 24;340(8826):1002-4.

Endogenous benzodiazepine receptor ligands in idiopathic recurring stupor.

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Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21205.


"Endozepines" are endogenous ligands for the benzodiazepine recognition sites on gamma-aminobutyric acid A receptors in the nervous system. Idiopathic recurring stupor (IRS) is a syndrome of spontaneous stupor or coma that is not associated with known metabolic, toxic, or structural abnormalities but can be reversed by flumazenil, a pure benzodiazepine antagonist. We measured endozepine-2 and endozepine-4 by high-performance liquid chromatography and radioreceptor assay in serum and cerebrospinal fluid from three patients with IRS. During episodes of stupor there was a large (up to 300-fold compared with control patients) increase of endozepine-4 content in cerebrospinal fluid and serum, but a return to normal concentrations between attacks. Endozepine-4 may contribute to, or be the cause of, IRS. The reasons for abnormal concentrations of endozepine in blood and brain are unknown.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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