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J Pediatr. 1992 Oct;121(4):627-33.

Phase I study of continuous-infusion soluble CD4 as a single agent and in combination with oral dideoxyinosine therapy in children with symptomatic human immunodeficiency virus infection.

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Pediatric Branch, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland 20892.


To determine the safety and pharmacokinetics of recombinant soluble CD4 (sCD4) administered by continuous intravenous infusion to children with symptomatic human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection, we conducted a phase I study at the National Cancer Institute. Three dose levels of sCD4 were evaluated: 100, 300, and 1000 micrograms/kg per day. After an initial 12 weeks of treatment with sCD4 alone, dideoxyinosine at a dose of 90 mg/m2 every 8 hours was added and subjects were observed for an additional 12 weeks. Combination therapy was continued in patients in whom it was well tolerated. In addition to toxicity and pharmacokinetic monitoring, surrogate markers of antiviral activity were evaluated. Eleven children were enrolled in the study. During the 12 weeks of treatment with sCD4 alone, and during subsequent sCD4 plus dideoxyinosine combination therapy, no significant toxic reaction attributable to sCD4 or dideoxyinosine was encountered. Low-level anti-CD4 antibodies developed in two patients. Steady-state sCD4 levels increased proportionately at higher doses. The CD4 cell counts and serum p24 antigen levels did not provide evidence of antiviral activity. We conclude that sCD4 was well tolerated at doses up to 1000 micrograms/kg per day when administered by continuous intravenous infusion; however, evidence of in vivo antiviral activity was not observed in this study.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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