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Cell Immunol. 1992 Oct 15;144(2):347-57.

The induction of arthritis in mice by the cartilage proteoglycan aggrecan: roles of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells.

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Shriners Hospital for Crippled Children, Department of Surgery, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.


Peripheral arthritis is produced in BALB/c mice after hyperimmunization with the cartilage proteoglycan aggrecan (PG). Adoptive transfer studies have suggested the roles of T cells including CD8+ T cells in the disease process. To evaluate the roles of CD4+ and CD8+ T cell subsets in vivo in the induction of this disease by immunization, PG-immunized mice were treated with isotype-controlled rat IgG2b monoclonal anti-CD4 or anti-CD8 antibodies, or were left untreated. CD4+ T cell depletion resulted in total inhibition of the disease with markedly decreased anti-PG antibody responses. CD8+ T cell depletion, however, significantly enhanced the severity of the disease without affecting peak anti-PG antibodies, as compared to the control mice. These results demonstrate a crucial role for CD4+ T cells in the pathogenesis of this disease. However, CD8+ T cells do not seem to be required for the induction of arthritis by immunization but instead may play an immunoregulatory role.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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