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Am Heart J. 1992 Oct;124(4):876-82.

Balloon angioplasty of the aorta in Takayasu's arteritis: initial and long-term results.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiology, G. B. Pant Hospital, New Delhi, India.

Abstract

Percutaneous transluminal balloon angioplasty for stenosis of the aorta was performed in 36 patients with Takayasu's arteritis (age range, 8 to 36 years; mean, 19.1 +/- 7.7 years). Balloon dilatation was successful in 34 patients and resulted in a decrease in the mean peak systolic pressure gradient (PSG) from 75.2 +/- 29.1 mm Hg to 24.8 +/- 19 mm Hg (p less than 0.001) and a mean increase in the diameter of the stenosed segments from 4.5 +/- 2.2 mm to 9.6 +/- 3.8 mm (p less than 0.001). Hemodynamic and angiographic restudy, which was performed in 20 patients at a mean follow-up period of 7.7 +/- 4.1 months (range, 3 to 24 months), showed a further decrease in PSG (greater than or equal to 15 mm Hg) in seven patients (from 40.0 +/- 11.2 mm Hg to 15.7 +/- 10.2 mm Hg; p less than 0.01), no significant change in PSG in 12 patients (17.1 +/- 13.6 mm Hg vs 16.6 +/- 12.7 mm Hg; p = NS), and an increase in PSG from 15 mm Hg to 85 mm Hg in one patient. The patient who showed restenosis underwent successful redilatation. Six patients who underwent late recatheterization and angiography at 36 to 60 months (mean, 43 +/- 9.4 months) show continued relief of stenosis (mean PSG, 8.8 +/- 7.8 mm Hg). Patients with short-segment (less than 4 cm) stenosis experience more relief than patients with long-segment (greater than or equal to 4 cm) stenosis (residual PSG, 18.6 +/- 8.2 mm Hg vs 40 +/- 16 mm Hg; p less than 0.01).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

PMID:
1356310
DOI:
10.1016/0002-8703(92)90967-z
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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