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Microbiol Immunol. 1992;36(6):593-602.

Type 1 pili enhance the invasion of Salmonella braenderup and Salmonella typhimurium to HeLa cells.

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Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan.


The relationship between type 1 pili-associated adhesion and invasion to HeLa cells by Salmonella braenderup and S. typhimurium was studied. When the clinical isolates of these strains were grown in L-broth, they showed both type 1 pili formation and mannose-sensitive adhesion to HeLa cells. On the other hand, the type 1 pili-defective mutants, which were obtained either by repeated subcultures on L-agar plates or by the transposon Tn1-insertion mutagenesis of the S. braenderup and S. typhimurium strains, concomitantly lost mannose-sensitive adhesion to HeLa cells. When the HeLa cells were incubated with Salmonella, the type 1 piliated strains invaded the HeLa cells with much higher infection rate than did the type 1 pili-defective strains. The invasion of type 1 piliated strains to HeLa cells was markedly inhibited in the presence of D-mannose. The infectivity of the strain, which lost type 1 pili but still had mannose-resistant adhesion, was slightly higher than that of the strains defective in both mannose-sensitive and mannose-resistant adhesion. These results suggested that type 1 pili have a role in enhancing the invasion of S. braenderup and S. typhimurium to HeLa cells.

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