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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1992 Aug 24;1109(2):161-71.

Transport properties of P-glycoprotein in plasma membrane vesicles from multidrug-resistant Chinese hamster ovary cells.

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Guelph-Waterloo Centre for Graduate Work in Chemistry, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Guelph, Canada.


Multidrug resistant (MDR) cells overexpress a 170-180 kDa membrane glycoprotein, the P-glycoprotein, which is believed to export drugs in an ATP-dependent manner. Plasma membrane vesicles from the MDR CHRC5 cell line, but not the AuxB1 drug-sensitive parent, showed uptake of [3H]colchicine and [3H]vinblastine that was stimulated by the presence of ATP and an ATP-regenerating system. Steady-state uptake of drugs was achieved by 10 min and was stable for greater than 30 min. Non-hydrolysable ATP analogues were unable to support drug uptake, indicating that ATP hydrolysis is essential for transport. ATP-stimulated drug uptake appeared to result from drug transport into inside-out vesicles, since uptake was osmotically sensitive and could be prevented by detergent permeabilization. Steady-state uptake was half-maximal at 100 microM colchicine and 200 nM vinblastine and was inhibited by a 10-100-fold excess of MDR drugs and chemosensitizers, in the order vinblastine greater than verapamil greater than daunomycin greater than colchicine. In addition to being vanadate-sensitive, drug uptake was inhibited by 10-200 microM concentrations of several sulfhydryl-modifying reagents, suggesting that cysteine residues play an important role in drug transport. Vesicular colchicine was rapidly exchanged by an excess of unlabelled drug, demonstrating that drug association is the net result of opposing colchicine fluxes across the membrane.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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