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J Neurophysiol. 1992 Jul;68(1):28-35.

Excessive intracellular Ca2+ inhibits glutamate-induced Na(+)-K+ pump activation in rat hippocampal neurons.

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Department of Neurology and Neurological Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, California 94305.


1. The effects of increased intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) on Na(+)-K+ pump activity in CA1 pyramidal neurons of rat hippocampal slices were investigated. The postglutamate hyperpolarization (PGH), which follows glutamate (GLU)-induced depolarization (GD), was used as an index of Na(+)-K+ pump activity, as was a ratio of PGH area to the preceding GD area (PGH ratio). 2. Perfusion of slices with saline containing Ca2+ ionophore (A23187, 10 microM) inhibited the PGH without producing apparent signs of cell deterioration. A 60-100% (85 +/- 15%, mean +/- SD) reduction in the PGH ratio occurred after 20-50 min of A23187 superfusion in 12 of 18 neurons tested. Complete abolition of the PGH occurred in 8 of these 12 cells exposed to A23187 for 30-120 min. 3. Application of A23187 in Ca(2+)-free/high-Mg2+ solution did not abolish the PGH, although small (less than 50%; 37 +/- 10%) reductions in the PGH ratio were observed after perfusion of 50 min or longer in five neurons tested. 4. Intracellular injection of the Ca2+ chelator bis-(o-amino-phenoxy)-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid (BAPTA, 300-400 mM) blocked inhibition of the PGH by A23187. After 50 min of perfusion with Ca2+ ionophore, no reduction of the PGH ratio was observed in five neurons tested. 5. Rundown of the PGH without apparent change in membrane properties was observed in three neurons that were stable for greater than 2-3 h, allowing repetitive GLU applications. 6. Block of the PGH produced by a Na(+)-K(+)-adenosinetriphosphatase (ATPase) inhibitor (strophanthidin) prolonged the duration of GDs because of a delay in repolarization.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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