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Cell. 1992 Sep 4;70(5):861-7.

The synaptic vesicle protein SV2 is a novel type of transmembrane transporter.

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Department of Neurobiology Harvard Medical School Boston, Massachusetts 02115.


The primary function of synaptic vesicles is to store and release neurotransmitter. Synaptic vesicles are locally recycled following exocytosis and rapidly refilled with neurotransmitter from the cytoplasm by a process that depends on the electrochemical gradient generated by a proton pump. Little is known about the molecules that import neurotransmitter into synaptic vesicles. We report here that the sequence of the synaptic vesicle protein SV2 identifies this protein as a novel type of transmembrane transporter. The deduced amino acid sequence of SV2 contains two sets of six predicted transmembrane domains: the six most N-terminal transmembrane domains are highly homologous to a subfamily of transporters that includes the human glucose transporter, while the six most C-terminal domains are homologous to the plasma membrane transporters for neurotransmitters. We propose that SV2 mediates transport of neurotransmitters into synaptic vesicles.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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