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Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1992 May;11(5):360-4.

Otitis media in children born to human immunodeficiency virus-infected mothers.

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1
Department of Pediatrics, Boston University School of Medicine, MA.

Abstract

Acute otitis media (AOM) is thought to occur frequently in children infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). We compared experience with AOM of 28 HIV-infected children with that of 33 children who seroreverted to HIV antibody negative status by age 18 months. The mean number of episodes/year of AOM for children who seroreverted decreased from 1.33 in the first year of life to 0.13 in the third year, whereas the mean number of episodes/year in HIV-infected children increased from 1.89 to 2.40. By age 3 years, all HIV-infected children had experienced 1 or more episodes of AOM, and 80% had experienced 6 or more, whereas 75% of children who seroreverted had experienced 1 or more episodes, and none had had 6 or more. HIV-infected children with normal T4 lymphocyte counts had a mean of 1.18 episodes of AOM in the first year of life compared with 2.35 episodes in HIV-infected children with decreased counts (P = 0.023). HIV-infected children with low counts had a nearly 3-fold increased risk of recurrent AOM (47% vs. 18%).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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