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J Dent Res. 1992 May;71(5):1173-81.

Restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis of the fimbrillin locus, fimA, of Porphyromonas gingivalis.

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Department of Oral Biology, School of Dental Medicine, State University of New York, Buffalo 14214.


With hybridization probes derived from the fimbrial locus of Porphyromonas gingivalis strain 381, fimA381, restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) were examined at the fimbrillin locus in 39 human and animal strains of this species. The 39 strains were subdivided into nine RFLP groups (I-IX) after genomic digests were probed with the internal coding sequence of the fimA381 gene. Thirty-three strains showed one or more AluI fragments of moderate-to-high homology (greater than or equal to 77%) with the internal coding sequence of fimA381. These strains were distributed into the first seven RFLP groups, based solely on the size of the major hybridizing AluI fragment. Five human strains (RFLP Group VIII) had only one AluI fragment that hybridized very poorly with this probe. One animal strain did not have homology at all (RFLP Group IX). When all AluI fragments that hybridized with fimA381 were analyzed, RFLP groups I-VIII were further differentiated into 25 distinct RFLP patterns. Hybridizations were also performed with the internal coding sequence of fimA381 to probe PstI genomic digests of selected strains that appeared to have lesser homology with fimA381. These hybridizations were performed to determine the level and location of the region of poor homology within the fimA genes of these strains. The results suggested that fimbrial coding sequences are more commonly conserved between these strains in the 5'-region of the fimA locus (greater than or equal to 92% sequence homology).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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