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Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1992;106(4):455-8.

Quantification of SCH 39166, a novel selective D1 dopamine receptor antagonist, in rat brain and blood.

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Department of Pharmacology, University of Turku, Finland.


A gas chromatographic method for measuring concentrations of a novel D1 antagonist SCH 39166 [(-)-trans-6,7,7a,8,9-13b-hexahydro-3-chloro-2-hydroxy-N-methyl-5- H-benzo[d]naphto(2,1-6)azepine] in rat brain and plasma was developed. The method was applied to descriptive pharmacokinetics of two subcutaneous doses of SCH 39166 (0.25 mg/kg and 2.5 mg/kg). For comparison, concentrations of the "prototype" D1 antagonist SCH 23390 (0.25 mg/kg, SC) [R-(+)-chloro-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-3-methyl-5-phenyl-1-H-3-benzazepine] were also measured in plasma and brain. SCH 23390 (0.25 mg/kg, SC) had a very short elimination half-life of about 30 min in plasma, and disappeared in a slightly slower manner from striatum and cortex. SCH 39166 (0.25 and 2.5 mg/kg, SC), however, had a longer elimination half-life of about 1.5-2.5 h in plasma and brain. Interestingly, the 2.5 mg/kg dose of SCH 39166 produced only two-to five-fold increases in maximum concentrations in plasma and brain compared to the 0.25 mg/kg dose. The reason for this is not clear. The ability of these two doses of SCH 39166 to induce catalepsy in the bar test was also evaluated. It was found that SCH 39166 in these two doses, unlike SCH 23390, was not cataleptic. In conclusion, these pharmacokinetic features of SCH 39166 in the rat should be useful when designing experiments with this novel selective D1 antagonist. Furthermore, the longer elimination half-life of SCH 39166 makes it a more useful probe in pharmacodynamic comparisons of D1 receptor antagonists and classical as well as atypical neuroleptics.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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