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Genomics. 1992 May;13(1):104-8.

Polymerase chain reaction-based genotyping for allotypic markers of immunoglobulin kappa shows allelic association of Km with kappa variable segment.

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Department of Internal Medicine, Medical College of Virginia, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond 23298-0263.


Allotypic markers of immunoglobulin kappa (Km) may be determined using a novel method of amplification of the constant segment (C kappa) (IGKC) by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) followed by restriction enzyme digestion. Restriction sites in the C kappa PCR product correlate with allotypic differences among Km(1), Km(1,2), and Km(3) alleles. An AccI site in the PCR product correlates with Km(3); and presence or absence of a MaeII site correlates with the Km(1) or Km(1,2) allele, respectively. Km allelic frequencies were determined in a Caucasian population and compared to genotypic frequencies of nearby polymorphic markers. Among unrelated individuals with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and controls, there is no evidence of allelic association between CD8A and polymorphic markers of the immunoglobulin kappa region [a V kappa (IGKV) BglII polymorphism about 24 kb centromeric to C kappa, Km allotype, and a SacI polymorphism 3.5 kb telomeric to the C kappa segment]. Similarly, there is no allelic association of the SacI C kappa polymorphism with Km or with the BglII V kappa polymorphism. However, there is evidence of allelic association of V kappa B3 and Km, specifically between the V kappa BglII 2.2-kb allele and Km(3) and also between the V kappa 3.5-kb allele and Km(1,2). Therefore, Km typing by PCR-based methods suggests the presence of allelic association between polymorphisms within the coding region of the C kappa segment and the nearest V kappa segment.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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