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AIDS. 1992 Mar;6(3):257-63.

Clinical features and predictive markers of disease progression in cynomolgus monkeys experimentally infected with simian immunodeficiency virus.

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Department of Immunology, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.



To study the pathogenicity of simian immunodeficiency virus (SIVsm) in cynomolgus monkeys in order to establish an animal model for human AIDS.


Thirty-three cynomolgus monkeys were monitored for more than 2 years following experimental infection with SIVsm.


All the macaques became SIV-infected, as demonstrated by virus recovery from peripheral blood lymphocytes and by the appearance of viral antibodies. SIVsm was found to be pathogenic, killing 29 out of the 33 monkeys (88%) within 26 months. Clinically, infected monkeys developed lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly, diarrhoea, weight loss, neurological symptoms and a remarkably high incidence (39%) of malignant lymphomas. All lymphomas were high-grade malignant and of B-cell origin. Disease progression was associated with low CD4+ lymphocyte count, involution of initially hyperplastic follicular B-cell areas in lymph nodes, reappearance of viral antigen in serum, loss of anti-Gag antibodies and development of systemic giant cell disease in 55% of the monkeys.


There are many similarities between SIVsm-induced AIDS in cynomolgus monkeys and human AIDS with regard to clinical, virological, immunological and pathological manifestations.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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