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DNA Cell Biol. 1992 Apr;11(3):221-5.

Role of glutathione peroxidase in rheumatoid arthritis: analysis of enzyme activity and DNA polymorphism.

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1
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Medical College of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19129.

Abstract

Aberrant expression of the antioxidant enzyme glutathione peroxidase (GPx) could contribute to the etiology of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, previous enzyme activity studies examining this relationship were inconclusive. Indirect evidence for this relationship derives from the known efficacy of gold therapy in RA, since gold compounds specifically inhibit GPx. The hypothesis that variants of GPx are associated with RA was examined by two approaches: enzyme activity analysis and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) association analysis. No significant difference was found in whole blood GPx activity between 28 RA patients and 36 controls. GPx activity appeared to be independent of sex, race, or type of drug treatment. However, a statistically significant difference was found with respect to treatment responsiveness. RA patients classified as good responders to gold therapy, but who were no longer taking gold, had a significantly higher GPx activity compared to both the controls and good responders currently on gold therapy. Aberrantly high GPx activity could contribute to RA by generating excess oxidized glutathione, a potent collagenase activator. Gold therapy would reduce GPx activity to normal levels. The restriction enzyme Pvu II in conjunction with a GPx gene probe identified a useful RFLP (Al, 22 kbp; A2, 15 kbp) with allelic frequencies of A1 and A2 equal to 0.11 and 0.89, respectively, in the control population. No statistically significant association, however, could be demonstrated between this allelic variant of the GPx gene and RA.

PMID:
1348942
DOI:
10.1089/dna.1992.11.221
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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