Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Diabetologia. 1992 Mar;35(3):283-6.

Different genetic backgrounds for malnutrition-related diabetes and type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus in south Indians.

Author information

1
Center for BioTechnology, Karolinska Institute, NOVUM, Huddinge, Sweden.

Abstract

HLA-DRB, -DQA and -DQB genes were studied in ten South Indian malnutrition-related diabetic patients, ten Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetic patients and 45 control subjects, by TaqI restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. The DR7,DQw9 haplotype was found to be frequent in patients with malnutrition-related diabetes (p less than 0.01). The DRw17,DQw2 haplotype was overrepresented in the patients with Type 1 diabetes compared to control subjects (p less than 0.05). In vitro amplification of the polymorphic second exon of DQB genes by the polymerase chain reaction technique was performed on DNA from 10 malnutrition-related diabetic patients, 10 Type 1 diabetic patients and 13 control subjects, as they belong to a new population. Hybridization with sequence-specific oligonucleotide probes for DQB1 alleles showed homozygosity of aspartic acid at position 57 in 7 of 10 malnutrition-related diabetic patients compared to 2 of 10 Type 1 diabetic (p less than 0.05) and 15 of 45 control subjects (p less than 0.05). Homozygosity of non-aspartic acid at position 57 was present in 7 of 10 Type 1 diabetic compared to 0 of 10 malnutrition-related diabetic patients (p less than 0.005) and 3 of 45 control subjects (p less than 0.05). This study has confirmed the association of DQB1 57 non-asp in South Indians with Type 1 diabetes. In addition, our data clearly show that the genetic background of malnutrition-related diabetes mellitus is different from that of Type 1 diabetes.

PMID:
1348712
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center