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Exp Brain Res. 1992;88(1):33-40.

Receptor subtypes involved in callosally-induced postsynaptic potentials in rat frontal agranular cortex in vitro.

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Laboratory for Neural Systems, Frontier Research Program, RIKEN Wako, Japan.


A slice preparation of rat frontal agranular cortex preserving commissural inputs has been used for intracellular recording from layer V pyramidal cells, in order to characterize the synaptic potentials induced by stimulation of the corpus callosum and to reveal the subtypes of amino acid receptors involved. Stimulation of the corpus callosum induced EPSPs followed by early IPSPs with a peak latency of 30 +/- 2 ms and late IPSPs with a peak latency of 185 +/- 18 ms. Reversal potentials for early and late IPSPs were -75 +/- 5 mV (early) and -96 +/- 5 mV (late). Late IPSPs were more dependent on extracellular K+ concentration. The early IPSPs were blocked by GABAA antagonists, bicuculline and picrotoxin, whereas the late IPSPs were reduced by the GABAB antagonist, phaclofen. CNQX (6-cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione), an antagonist of non-NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartate) receptors, suppressed both EPSPs and late IPSPs at 5 microM. Early IPSPs remained at this concentration but were suppressed by 20 microM CNQX. In Mg(2+)-free solution, EPSPs were larger and more prolonged than in control solution. These enhanced EPSPs persisted after 5 to 20 microM CNQX, but were reduced in amplitude, and their onset was delayed by 3.6 +/- 0.8 ms. The remaining EPSPs were suppressed by 50 microM APV (DL-2-amino-5-phosphono-valeric acid), an antagonist of NMDA receptors. In Mg(2+)-free solution containing 5 to 20 microM CNQX, the late IPSPs were not diminished. The remaining late IPSPs were suppressed by APV or by phaclofen.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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