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Med Lab Sci. 1992 Dec;49(4):265-70.

Serum IgG and IgM levels in new and regular long-term plasmapheresis donors.

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Queensland Red Cross Blood Transfusion Service, Brisbane, Australia.


This Australian study monitored the effects of monthly plasmapheresis on donor serum IgG and IgM levels in 127 new and 124 established plasma donors who donated 1014 units over a five-month period. Of the 251 donors, 3% had reduced total serum protein (TSP) levels, 7% had low IgG levels and 12% had low IgM levels prior to donation on at least one occasion over the study period. Statistical analysis showed that the TSP, IgG and IgM levels of new donors who had donated plasma on less than 10 occasions were no more likely to fall below normal than those of old donors. However, new and old donors whose IgG or IgM levels fell below normal at any time during the study had significantly lower levels of the relevant parameter on entry to the study. Followed longitudinally, IgG and IgM levels in old and new donors tended to fall, although levels fluctuated throughout the study. Statistical analysis failed to show any correlation between TSP levels and IgG or IgM levels. These parameters did not correlate significantly with the number of previous plasmaphereses, donor weight, volume collected or history of infection. This study highlighted the need for regular, specific quantitation of IgG and IgM levels as well as TSP in regular plasmapheresis donors. The frequency of testing is yet to be determined, in view of the high materials and labour costs of such a programme.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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