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Intervirology. 1992;34(3):154-63.

Candid No. 1 Argentine hemorrhagic fever vaccine protects against lethal Junin virus challenge in rhesus macaques.

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United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Fort Detrick, Frederick, Md.


The protective efficacy of Candid No. 1, a live-attenuated vaccine against Argentine hemorrhagic fever (AHF), was evaluated in non-human primates. Twenty rhesus macaques immunized 3 months previously with graded doses of Candid No. 1 (16-127, 000 PFU), as well as 4 placebo-inoculated controls, were challenged with 4.41 log10 PFU of virulent P3790 strain Junin virus. All controls developed severe clinical disease; 3 of 4 died. In contrast, all vaccinated animals were fully protected; none developed any signs of AHF during a 105-day follow-up period. Viremia and virus shedding were readily detected in all placebo-vaccinated controls, while virus could be recovered only once (by amplification) from throat swabs of 2 Candid No. 1 vaccinees on day 21. Vigorous secondary-type neutralizing and immunofluorescent antibody responses were seen in most vaccinees that had received 3 log10 PFU Candid No. 1 or fewer; all others, including those receiving 127,200 PFU, maintained relatively stable titers during follow-up. Candid No. 1 was highly immunogenic and fully protective against lethal Junin virus challenge in rhesus macaques, even at extremely low (16 PFU) vaccine doses.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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