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Cytokine. 1992 Nov;4(6):581-4.

Changes in IL-6, IL-8, C-reactive protein and pancreatic secretory trypsin inhibitor after transcatheter arterial chemo-embolization therapy for hepato-cellular carcinoma.

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Department of Surgery II, Kumamoto University Medical School, NTT Kyushu Hospital, Japan.


In an attempt to investigate the interaction between the changes of cytokines and acute phase reactants after transcatheter arterial chemoembolization therapy (TACE), the levels of interleukin 6 (IL-6), interleukin 8 (IL-8), C-reactive protein (CRP) and pancreatic secretory trypsin inhibitor (PSTI) in the blood of patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) were measured. Before the therapy, serum IL-6 and plasma IL-8 levels were detectable in 77.8% and 28.5%, respectively, of patients with HCC. Levels of serum IL-6 and plasma IL-8 increased after TACE and reached a peak on day 3 in all patients (18/18) and in 87.5% of patients (12/14), respectively. Both blood levels of IL-6 and IL-8 reached a peak earlier than those of CRP and PSTI did after the therapy. When the maximal values of IL-6 were compared with those of CRP and PSTI, there were significant positive correlations (r = 0.63, P < 0.01 and r = 0.81, P < 0.01, respectively). Similarly, comparisons of the maximal values of IL-8 with those of CRP and PSTI gave a significant correlation (r = 0.68, P < 0.01 and r = 0.67, P < 0.05, respectively). However, no significant correlation was found between the elevation of IL-6 and IL-8.

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