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Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1992 Nov 30;671:82-91.

Ca(2+)-transport ATPases and their regulation in muscle and brain.

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Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Laboratorium voor Fysiologie, Belgium.


Eukaryotic cells express one or more isoforms of a sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum (SERCA) and of a plasma membrane (PMCA) Ca2+ pump. Both the SERCA and PMCA gene transcripts are subject to alternative processing in a differentiation stage-dependent and tissue-dependent manner. The Ca2+ pump isoforms thus generated may present different functional properties. This is exemplified by the SERCA2a and SERCA2b isoforms which differ in their Ca2+ sensitivity. Analysis of the cDNA structures for PMCA1 predicts protein isoforms with variant calmodulin- and phospholipid-binding domains. A comparative study of the tissue-specific mechanisms governing SERCA-PMCA transcript processing and a more detailed study of the functional implication of the PMCA pumps isoform diversity will be challenging subjects for future studies.

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