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Can J Microbiol. 1992 Nov;38(11):1189-92.

Further evidence for a possible role of trypsin-like activity in the adherence of Porphyromonas gingivalis.

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Département de Santé Buccale, Faculté de Médecine Dentaire, Université de Montréal, Québec, Canada.


The present study was undertaken to evaluate a possible correlation between the level of trypsin-like activity and the adherence properties of Porphyromonas gingivalis. It was demonstrated that strains with high cell-associated trypsin-like activity attach in higher numbers to human epithelial cells than strains with low levels of trypsin-like activity. To a lesser extent, the same tendency was also noted for the agglutination of human erythrocytes. The ability of P. gingivalis to attach to erythrocytes and epithelial cells was found to be affected by the presence of arginine and thiol protease inhibitors (leupeptin, p-chloromercuriphenylsulfonic acid). The inhibition profile was partially dependent on the age of the bacterial cells used in the adherence assay. It is suggested that adherence of mid-log P. gingivalis cells involves primarily trypsin-like proteases, whereas 2-day-old cells possess additional specific attachment mechanism(s).

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