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J Physiol. 1992 Aug;454:183-96.

Ca2+ current and charge movement in adult single human skeletal muscle fibres.

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Department of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030.


1. The Vaseline-gap technique was used to record calcium currents (ICa) and charge movement in single cut fibres from normal human muscle. Experiments were carried out in 2 or 10 mM-extracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]o) and at 17 or 27 degrees C. 2. The passive electrical properties of the fibres with this technique were: membrane resistance for unit length rm = 59.4 k omega cm; longitudinal resistance per unit length ri = 4.9 M omega/cm; longitudinal resistance per unit length under the Vaseline seals re = 438 M omega/cm; specific membrane resistance Rm = 1.176 k omega cm2; input capacitance = 5.53 nF; specific membrane capacitance = 8.9 microF/cm2. 3. The maximum amplitude of ICa at 17 degrees C was: in 2 mM [Ca2+]o, -0.42 microA/microF and in 10 mM [Ca2+]o, -1.44 microA/microF. At 27 degrees C and in 10 mM [Ca2+]o, it increased to -3.04 microA/microF. The calculated temperature coefficient (Q10) for the increase in amplitude from 17 to 27 degrees C was 2.1. 4. Ca2+ permeability (PCa) was calculated using the Goldman-Katz relation; in 2 mM [Ca2+]o at 17 degrees C, PCa = 1.26 x 10(-6) cm/s; in 10 mM [Ca2+]o at 17 degrees C, PCa = 2.23 x 10(-6) cm/s; in 10 mM [Ca2+]o at 27 degrees C, PCa = 4.03 x 10(-6) cm/s. 5. The activation curve calculated from the PCa was shifted by 10 mV to positive potentials when raising [Ca2+]o from 2 to 10 mM. Increasing the temperature did not change the curve. The mid-point potentials (Va 1/2) and steepness (k) of the activation curves were: at 17 degrees C, in 2 mM [Ca2+]o, Va 1/2 = -1.53 mV and k = 6.7 mV; in 10 mM [Ca2+]o, Va 1/2 = 9.96 mV and k = 6.8 mV; at 27 degrees C and 10 mM [Ca2+]o, Va 1/2 = 11.3 mV and k = 7.7 mV. The activation time constant in 10 mM [Ca2+]o reached a plateau at potentials positive to 10 mV, with a value of 93.8 ms at 17 degrees C and 17.4 ms at 27 degrees C. The calculated Q10 was 4.5. 6. The deactivation of the current was studied from tail currents at different membrane potentials in 10 mM [Ca2+]o.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS).

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