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Hum Pathol. 1992 Dec;23(12):1431-7.

In situ hybridization of mitochondrial DNA in the heart of a patient with Kearns-Sayre syndrome and dilatative cardiomyopathy.

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Institute of Pathology, University of Munich, Germany.


Previous studies have revealed cytochrome-c-oxidase-deficient cardiomyocytes and the 4,977 base pair deletion ("common deletion") of mitochondrial DNA (position 8,482-13,459) in the heart of a patient with dilatative cardiomyopathy and Kearns-Sayre syndrome. In the present investigation the co-localization of the enzymatic and genomic defects was studied. In situ hybridization of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) revealed different hybridization patterns in the cytochrome-c-oxidase-deficient cells: (1) a selective reduction of the hybridization signal with an mtDNA probe recognizing the common deletion, indicating predominance of the deleted over the nondeleted mtDNA molecules in the cytochrome-c-oxidase-deficient cells; (2) a reduced hybridization signal with different mtDNA probes, indicating depletion of mtDNA; and (3) normal hybridization signals with different probes in single cytochrome-c-oxidase-deficient cardiomyocytes. These results indicate that different mechanisms may co-exist in Kearns-Sayre syndrome and may lead to defective respiratory chain function. The question of the pathogenetic interrelationship is discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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