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Biochemistry. 1992 Dec 29;31(51):12742-7.

Phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C-delta 1 binds with high affinity to phospholipid vesicles containing phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate.

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Department of Physiology and Biophysics, State University of New York, Stony Brook 11794-8661.


We studied the binding of phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C-delta 1 (PLC-delta) to vesicles containing the negatively charged phospholipids phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) and phosphatidylserine (PS). PLC-delta did not bind significantly to large unilamellar vesicles formed from the zwitterionic lipid phosphatidylcholine (PC) but bound strongly to vesicles formed from mixtures of PC and PIP2. The apparent association constant for the putative 1:1 complex formed between PLC-delta and PIP2 was Ka congruent to 10(5) M-1. The binding strength increased further (Ka congruent to 10(6) M-1) when the vesicles also contained 30% PS. High-affinity binding of PLC-delta to PIP2 did not require Ca2+. PLC-delta bound only weakly to vesicles formed from mixtures of PC and either PS or phosphatidylinositol (PI); binding increased as the mole fraction of acidic lipid in the vesicles increased. We also studied the membrane binding of a small basic peptide that corresponds to a conserved region of PLC. Like PLC-delta, the peptide bound weakly to vesicles containing monovalent negatively charged lipids; unlike PLC-delta, it did not bind strongly to vesicles containing PIP2. Our data suggest that a significant fraction of the PLC-delta in a cell could be bound to PIP2 on the cytoplasmic surface of the plasma membrane.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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