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Growth Factors. 1992;7(3):195-205.

Colorectum cell-derived growth factor (CRDGF) is homologous to amphiregulin, a member of the epidermal growth factor family.

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  • 1Bristol-Myers Squibb Pharmaceutical Research Institute, Seattle, WA 98121.


We have previously shown that an autocrine factor (CRDGF) of molecular weight 25,000 is produced by the HT29 human colon cancer cell line. Although CRDGF was shown to inhibit the binding of epidermal growth factor (EGF) to its receptor, several lines of evidence suggested that it was distinct from EGF or transforming growth factor-alpha (TGF-alpha). In order to check the possibility that CRDGF represents a new member of the EGF family, a four-step purification protocol involving acid gel filtration, cation-exchange high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), C18 reversed-phase HPLC and gel permeation HPLC was used to purify this protein to homogeneity. The purified material exhibited a 22 kDa molecular mass on SDS-PAGE. Partial N-terminal amino acid sequence of CRDGF showed identity to amphiregulin (AR), an EGF-related protein. Western blotting experiments using AR-specific antiserum confirmed that CRDGF and AR are identical proteins. In addition, we showed that AR, like EGF or TGF-alpha stimulated the phosphorylation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGF-R) on tyrosine residues. This indicates that the AR intracellular signalling pathway involves the activation of EGF-R kinase.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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