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Am Rev Respir Dis. 1992 Dec;146(6):1531-4.

Urinary leukotriene E4 after lysine-aspirin inhalation in asthmatic subjects.

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Swiss Institute for Asthma and Allergy Research, Davos.


The FEV1 and urinary leukotriene E4 (LTE4) concentrations were determined in six aspirin-sensitive and six non-aspirin-sensitive asthmatic subjects before and after inhalation challenge with lysine-aspirin or placebo solution. Lysine-aspirin produced a mean fall in FEV1 of 26.7 +/- 4.9% (mean +/- SEM) in subjects with aspirin sensitivity and of 8.5 +/- 6.5% (mean +/- SEM) in non-aspirin-sensitive asthmatic subjects. The mean baseline urinary LTE4 concentration of 83 pg/mg creatinine (geometric mean [GM], range 15 to 326 pg/mg creatinine) in aspirin-sensitive subjects was significantly higher than the 33.8 pg/mg creatinine (GM, range 10 to 111 pg/mg creatinine) in non-aspirin-sensitive subjects (p = 0.02). In aspirin-sensitive subjects, inhalation challenge with lysine-aspirin produced a significant increase in urinary LTE4 concentration to 240 pg/mg creatinine (GM, range 60 to 1,113 pg/mg creatine), which was not observed after placebo challenge. There was no significant change in urinary LTE4 concentration after inhalation challenge with either lysine-aspirin or placebo solution in non-aspirin-sensitive asthmatic subjects. Thus, sulfidopeptide leukotrienes are released after inhalation of lysine-aspirin in aspirin-sensitive asthmatic patients.

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