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J Virol Methods. 1992 Nov;40(2):225-42.

Detection of enhanced neutrophil adhesion to parainfluenza-infected airway epithelial cells using a modified myeloperoxidase assay in a microtiter format.

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Department of Pediatrics, University of Wisconsin, Madison 53792.


Despite growing evidence that respiratory virus infections precipitate episodes of airway obstruction and airway hyper-responsiveness in young children and in asthma, little information is available on the mechanisms by which virus infections alter the airway physiology. Airway inflammatory changes (including influx of inflammatory cells such as neutrophils) have been described during episodes of airway hyper-responsiveness in both animal models and human subjects. Neutrophil damage to several cell types has been shown to require adhesion as a primary step. In order to examine the potential interactions between virus-infected airway epithelial cells and neutrophils, we have studied the ability of neutrophils to adhere to virus-infected airway epithelial cell cultures. Neutrophil adherence was determined indirectly, using myeloperoxidase as a marker for adherent neutrophils in an assay system described here. Airway epithelial cell cultures (both primary human tracheal epithelial cells, and two permanent cell lines, A549 and BEAS-2B) were grown in 96-well tissue culture plates and infected with human parainfluenza virus type 2. Infected airway epithelial cell cultures supported significantly enhanced levels of neutrophil adherence (up to 50-75% of neutrophils added to the wells) compared to uninfected control cultures. Moreover, this adherence occurred in a virus dose-dependent fashion, with increasing levels of adherence noted at increasing viral multiplicities of infection. The assay system described allows the detection of small numbers of adherent neutrophils (as few as 1000 neutrophils) in a 96-well format.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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